Coercive Acts Empowered by British Government


Coercive Acts Empowered by British Government

Coercive Acts Empowered by British Government

1774 – Coercive Acts Empowered by British Government

In response to the Boston Tea Party, and in order to reassert control over Boston and persuade other colonies not to follow its rebellious behavior, the British government enacted a series of laws known as the Coercive Acts. These acts were designed to force Boston to submit to the full authority of Britain, and as such, the measures enacted were considerably harsher than any laws that had come before. There were four central provisions in the Coercive Acts, and each had its own intent. The Boston Port Act closed the port of Boston until the tea from the Tea Party had been paid for by the colonists. The Massachusetts Government Act took away the right of the colony to be self-governing. The Administration of Justice Act ensured that British officials in the colonies could not be put on trial for abuses of authority. The Quartering Act allowed for the housing of British soldiers in private homes at the expense of the homeowners.

Although these laws, known by the colonists as the Intolerable Acts, were designed to reassert control, they instead spurred the colonists toward greater resistance. Various colonies set up committees of correspondence to enable them to communicate with each other, which eventually led to the creation of the First Continental Congress.


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